Latest Surgical Management of Left Colon Cancer – Surgical Expert in Chandigarh

Left-sided colon cancer, which includes malignancies in the sigmoid colon and the descending colon, is a prevalent condition that often requires surgical intervention as part of its treatment. Over the years, surgical techniques and approaches for left colon cancer have evolved significantly, leading to improved outcomes and quality of life for patients. We discuss all about surgical management of left colon cancer, including key procedures and considerations. 

Surgical Approaches

Several surgical approaches can be employed for the management of left colon cancer, with the choice depending on factors such as tumor size, location, and the patient’s overall health. The most common surgical procedures include:

Left Hemicolectomy: This procedure involves the removal of the affected part of the left colon, along with the associated lymph nodes. The remaining healthy colon is then reconnected (anastomosed) to ensure the continuity of the digestive tract.
Sigmoid Colectomy: Sigmoid colectomy focuses on the removal of the sigmoid colon, which is the S-shaped portion of the colon located just above the rectum. Similar to left hemicolectomy, it may involve reconnection of the remaining colon.
High Anterior Resection (HAR): HAR is a more extensive procedure that removes not only the sigmoid colon but also a portion of the upper rectum. This procedure is often necessary when the tumor is closer to the rectum.
Colostomy: In some cases, when it is not possible to re-establish continuity in the colon due to factors like tumor location or patient health, a colostomy may be performed. During this procedure, the colon is diverted to an opening in the abdominal wall (stoma), and a colostomy bag collects waste.

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